Control Windows with Salt

This long article explores Windows management with Salt. First, it shows you how to automatically install software to Windows, control Windows boxes behind NAT and firewall and remotely run arbitrary PowerShell commands on Windows. $ sudo salt ‘*’ pkg.install gedit,firefox,steam,vlc … Continue reading

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Money Moving with Odoo, the Open Source ERP

I bought some candy from Odoo ERP based web shop. My students Emre Olgun, Roni Selander and Konsta Vaarala are running Odoo, the open source ERP. Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) is a single system to control everything on the business … Continue reading

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Simple Secrets in Salt Pillars

This is a simple example for storing secrets in Salt Pillars. If you have a hundred slaves machines, you don’t need to trust them all. Following this tutorial requires working salt master-slave installation and salt states.

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Configure a Live USB in Two (2) Commands – terokarvinen/sirotin

You boot a computer form your USB stick and give two commands. It’s configured. Install your programs, your settings, your configuration – automatically. Start from Sirotin, fork it, make it your own. wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/terokarvinen/sirotin/master/run.sh bash run.sh   Fork me on … Continue reading

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Secrets in Salt Pillars – SSH Port Change

Salt helps you configure 1, 10, 100 or more computers. Secrets, such as encryption keys, must be given to authorized slaves only. In Salt, secrets are kept in pillars. If you are just starting with pillars, do pillars tutorial first. … Continue reading

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Aikataulu – Linux palvelimet ict4tn021-3003 – alkusyksy 2018 – 5 op

Tero’s Linux Course is ict4tn021-3003. I will only give one beginner course on Linux in the Autumn, because penetration testing, configuration management and other advanced courses take most of my time. Learn to manage your own Linux server – in … Continue reading

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ViolentMonkey for User Scripts – Your Own JavaScript or CSS on Any Website

ViolentMonkey Firefox Addon allows you to run your own JavaScript and use your own styles on any website. It’s Free software (MIT license) and source code is available. My fix for Moodle sorrow borders works with ViolentMonkey. It seems that … Continue reading

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NoReload Heroes on Nintendo Switch – New Distribution Agreement for StupidStupidGames

My former students got a Nintendo Switch distribution agreement (press release in Polish). Congratulations Suvi, Jussi, Eelis and the whole StupidStupidGames! I can still remember when you published your first beta on my innovation course in 2013 and your first … Continue reading

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Plenary Speaker and Program Chair in ICIM2018, Oxford

If you are coming to ICIM2018 conference in Oxford, come to say hi. They kindly invited me as a plenary speaker and program chair. 4th International Conference on Information Management (ICIM2018) will be in Oxford, UK, from May 25th to … Continue reading

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Make a Million of Those – Jinja Templating Salt States

Do you need a 50 users and Apache name based virtual hosts for each? If you use salt, you can use loops and variables with Jinja templates on your states. This short example configuration creates three text files with different … Continue reading

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Name Based Virtual Hosts on Apache – Multiple Websites to Single IP Address

Usually, you have a single IP adress and many websites to hosts. With Apache, you can have many domain names (terokarvinen.com, botbook.com…) on a single IP address (109.74.201.133). Here is a brief list of commands and configuration files for name … Continue reading

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Windows Installer Cheatsheet – Install Hundreds of Programs Automatically – Silent Installer Flags

Windows lacks package management. But you can install Windows applications silently, with a single command. And this cheatsheet tells you the command.

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Save Checkbox State to LocalStorage – JavaScript and JQuery Example

You can save your JavaScript variables to browser localStorage. They are saved in the client’s web browser until user decides to “Clear recent history”. Live demo allows you to see how the checkbox state is saved – even if you … Continue reading

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MySQL Automatic Install with Salt – Preseed Database Root Password

MySQL is probably the most popular multi-user database in the world*. It’s part of the most popular web development stack, LAMP (Linux Apache MySQL PHP). This article shows a Salt state to automatically install MySQL on Ubuntu. As the package … Continue reading

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Send a Message to Logged in Users – wall, xwrited

You can send a message to logged in Linux users with ‘wall’ (write all). In the unlikely event you want to send a popup message to desktop user, it’s possible with xwrited and some setup. Users actually want to work … Continue reading

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Remotely Unlock Screensaver on Xubuntu Linux – sudo loginctl unlock-sessions

To unlock a locked Xubuntu Linux workstation, you can use ‘sudo loginctl unlock-sessions’ and alt-ctrl-F7. This command works over SSH and over Salt, but obviously it requires root access to target computer.

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Shorter Salt Ouput with –state-output terse

To get shorter output when configuring slaves with salt, use $ sudo salt ‘*’ state.highstate –state-output terse If you’re just getting started, you should install salt first. To get even cleaner output, you can get rid of useless warning.

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Apache User Homepages Automatically – Salt Package-File-Service Example

These are example daemon configuration files for salt. Package-file-service is the most common way to configure daemons. If you’re new, start with salt master-slave installation and a commented example of SSH Server install.

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Pkg-File-Service – Control Daemons with Salt – Change SSH Server Port

You can control a huge number of daemons with a configuration management system. Package-file-service is the common pattern for this: install the software, replace a configuration file and finally restart the daemon to use the new configuration. This article shows … Continue reading

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Quick Fix for Useless Salt Warning – Add “file_ignore_glob: []” to /etc/salt/master

Some versions of Salt give you a useless warning on every run. The problem is easy to fix.

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Run Salt SLS File Locally – sudo salt-call –local state.apply foo

What if I just want to run a single SLS file (salt state) once? Save your state to /srv/salt/foo.sls and apply it $ sudo salt-call –local state.apply foo This masterless setup is just for quick testing. In production, you would use … Continue reading

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Salt States – I Want My Computers Like This

Describe how you’d like your computers, and Salt will configure them. For example, I want Apache web server, with PHP and user homepages, on all my computers whose name starts with ‘web’. To say the same in jargon: write your … Continue reading

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Salt Quickstart – Salt Stack Master and Slave on Ubuntu Linux

You can control a thousand computers with Salt. And this is how you install Salt. Slaves, the controlled computers, can be anywhere: behind an NAT, behind a firewall, on an unknown address. And still you can control them. Only the … Continue reading

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Aikataulu – Palvelinten hallinta ict4tn022 4-ti 5-ke 5 – loppukevät 2018 5p

Control 10 computers. Or 100. Or 1000. Just write what you want (idempotency). Control almost everything with one system (single source of truth). In plain text (infrastructure as code, versionable). My current research area is configuration management systems: I gave … Continue reading

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Arvioitava laboratorioharjoitus – Linux palvelimet ict4tn021-6 torstai – alkukevät 2018 – 5 op

This is the evaluated lab exercise for Linux Server Administration course, 50% of grade. Student had a Live USB stick and an empty computer, and he could use the public Internet. No other tools were allowed. Student feedback was excellent: … Continue reading

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